You guys must have heard about biotechnology before but do you really know what is biotech and what it comprises of. Well, this article is going to give you a brief intro of the same. Biotechnology is a highly growing field of work nowadays, its growth in India is a little slow but the future for biotechnology is safe out here because there are going to be numerous career options in this field within few years.
A biotechnologist is none other than a biologist with an engineering degree, well that we can say in layman terms but literally a biotechnologist is an engineer only in the field of biology. New researchers are being made every day in this field who comes up with an innovation of using technology in biology which can help many in future. So, let us first know what is Biotechnology? It is the field where the use of biological beings, organisms or its components is done to make a product for specific use by the common people. There are various examples of biotechnology being used in the past to make some useful products for the use of mankind. Some of these are,
Penicillin: it is one of the most important discoveries made in this field, where usage of an organism like mould is done for the benefit of mankind. Penicillin is the first antibiotic made used for antibacterial infections in human beings and has a great market demand now.
Therapy by GENES: GENE THERAPY is another technique being discovered to treat various genetic disorders that are caused by genes which are non-functional. In this method substitution of the human genetic part is done by a specific gene from another organism and making new genes are done to make a new product which can treat or do the required function.
Biotechnology as an ethical threat:
Nowadays many scientists have raised questions against biotechnology being a threat to mankind, the usage of many organisms for the benefit of the human race can have consequences and unwanted effects in the long term. It is very necessary that the innovations in this field should be properly tested and analyzed before being allowed to be used openly by the whole population. Government tests and trials are the necessary measures which should be taken before the release of biotechnological products which help in ensuring that these products are safe for the general use and do not poses any harmful effect to the market place.
• There are many questions being raised on the genetically altered crops which are grown in the fields by farmers for preventing pests and saving the time of the farmers. These crops can put ecological impact as they can be interpreted with the local crops and produce a different variant in the field hampering the present status of ecology.
• Genetically modified foods and meats are there in the market which is lab made or processed. They can imply some effects on the body as it’s not used to such a modified variant of foods. This eating such different materials can have a change in the body in the long term it is not tested and verified.
What are the advantages of Biotechnology :
Like a coin, everything has its two sides, as we discussed the threat and potential disadvantage of biotech it surely has advantages also which we can’t ignore. Few of them are listed below :
• Its products are helping to eradicate or reduce many infectious diseases by modified medicines.
• It gives various ways to treat diseases to minimize health risks and side effects individually as person to person.
• It has also helped in diagnosing diseases in individuals through its new modalities.
• It has decreased waste generation and overuse of resources present.
• It has reduced the use of chemicals and pesticides in crops which caused pollution .